Theory of human nature: the soul as a set of faculties, including rationality – plato was a dualist who believed that we are composed of two substances, a material body, and immaterial mind aristotle rejects this. In discipline, emerson discusses the ways in which each man may understand nature and god — through rational, logical understanding and through intuitive reason although the mystical, revelatory intuition leads to the highest spiritual truth, understanding, too, is useful in gaining a particular kind of knowledge. Leadership and human behavior to understand and motivate people, you must know human nature human nature is the common qualities of all human beings people behave according to certain principles of human nature people seek security above all else. He describes this as “the feeling of the beauty and the dignity of human nature”, proclaiming that one can “bring about the noble attitude that is the beauty of virtue” only when a person “subordinates” her particular inclinations “to such an enlarged” feeling of the beauty and dignity of human nature (ofbs 2217. The mystery of persons and belief in god in the case of religion, the personal condition of the knower has a great impact on the knowledge to be gained the person who wants to know can find evidence the person who wants to be ignorant of god can be successful as well the paradoxical character of human nature has many dimensions on.
An unruly human nature was assumed to exist prior to an individual's encounter with society this nature had to be shaped to conform to socially acceptable ways of behaving as time went on, however, socialization came to be seen more and more as the end result-- that is, as internalization. Human nature is a bundle of fundamental characteristics—including ways of thinking, feeling, and acting—which humans tend to have naturally the questions of whether there truly are fixed characteristics, what these natural characteristics are, and what causes them are among the oldest and most important questions in philosophy and sciencethe science that examines human nature is known. What sort of creature is the human the obvious answer is a smart, talkative, upright ape with a penchant for material possessions but what about the more subtle concept of human nature that is.
Since, on socrates' view, the good is that which furthers a person's real interests, it will follow that if the good is known, people will seek it but many times people do not if moral laws were objective and independent of feelings, and if knowledge were to be identified with virtue, then it would seem to follow that moral problems are. History is not just what-really-happened-in-the-past, but a complex intersection of truths, bias and hopes a glance at two very different historians, the roman tacitus and the byzantine procopius, shows the range and difficulty inherent in the study of the past. He provides an ideal interpretation of nature that is more real than concrete nature, as it exists independent of human agency the poet, in short, asserts the predominance of the soul over matter emerson looks to philosophy, science, religion, and ethics for support of the subordination of matter to spirit.
Knowledge is of no value except as it is used not the hearers, but the doers of the law shall be justified the command to study is for the purpose of putting the instruction into action that we may show ourselves approved unto god. What is knowledge what is truth real life situations on the nature of knowledge whereas weber felt you missed the point unless you actually looked at the belief system and set of feelings of the people involved another way of putting it is to say that durkheim advocated how do we acquire knowledge in the human sciences (10th may. Major themes in a worldview: human nature, truth, meaning, purpose 46 5 scripture as the source of a christian worldview 59 6 the contours of a biblical worldview so how we define each one will influence how we define the others claim knowledge of the way things are, or to assert something about the way things. Ethics is the branch of philosophy concerned with human behavior, morality, and responsibilities of people to each other and to society because ethics plays such a large part in the way people live, it has always been a subject of great interest.
Social psychologists have identified two tendencies in the way people seek or interpret information about themselves self-verification is the drive to reinforce the existing self-image and self-enhancement is the drive to seek positive feedback. If your summum bonum is truth, you may seek knowledge, information, or even just data, and trust to authority, sensory evidence, and/or your own rational capacity to judge what is true if your highest good is beauty, you may seek to create it yourself or find it in nature or in the works of others. “you can talk with someone for years, everyday, and still, it won't mean as much as what you can have when you sit in front of someone, not saying a word, yet you feel that person with your heart, you feel like you have known the person for forever connections are made with the heart, not the tongue.
If an instance of advertising seeks to move people to choose and act rationally in morally good ways that are of true benefit to themselves and others, persons involved in it do what is morally good if it seeks to move people to do evil deeds that are self-destructive and destructive of authentic community, they do evil. Jean-jacques rousseau on nature, wholeness and education his novel émile was the most significant book on education after plato’s republic, and his other work had a profound impact on political theory and practice, romanticism and the development of the novel. Religious influence in society by l ron hubbard an early 20th-century philosopher spoke of the impending decline of the west what he failed to predict was that the west would export its culture to the rest of the world and thus grip the entire world in its death throes.
Philosophy is a study that seeks to understand the mysteries of existence and reality it tries to discover the nature of truth and knowledge and to find what is of basic value and importance in life. By adam cash “everybody is unique” is the mantra of the modern era many people pride themselves on being different and one of a kind — particularly in western popular culture and media — and anybody spending any time studying and working with people will tell you there is a great deal of truth to this. Although augustine was significantly influenced by the moral philosophy of cicero, he generally argued that the stoics were excessively optimistic in their assessment of human nature one of augustine's central contributions to the development of christian theology was his heavy emphasis on the reality of human evil.